The Mughal Empire, which ruled parts of the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th century to the mid-19th century, left behind a rich architectural legacy in Pakistan. Here are some of the top 10 monuments in Pakistan made by the Mughals.
Top 10 Monuments in Pakistan made by Mughals.
Badshahi Mosque (Lahore):
Constructed during the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb in the mid-17th century, the Badshahi Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world. It is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture and an iconic symbol of Lahore.
Lahore Fort or Shahi Qila (Lahore):
Located adjacent to the Badshahi Mosque, the Lahore Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and showcases a blend of Mughal, Sikh, and British architectural styles. It served as the main residence for many Mughal emperors.
Shalimar Gardens (Lahore):
Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century, the Shalimar Gardens are a stunning example of Mughal garden design. The gardens feature terraced levels, flowing water, and founta.
Sheesh Mahal (Lahore Fort):
Situated within the Lahore Fort, the Sheesh Mahal, or “Palace of Mirrors,” is a beautiful structure adorned with intricate mirror work. It was built by Shah Jahan and is known for its artistic detailing.
Moti Masjid (Lahore Fort):
Also located within the Lahore Fort complex, the Moti Masjid, or “Pearl Mosque,” was built by Emperor Aurangzeb. It is a small, pristine white marble mosque with a simple yet elegant design.
Shahi Qila (Old Fort – Rawalpindi):
While not as well-preserved as the Lahore Fort, the Shahi Qila in Rawalpindi is another fort built during the Mughal era. It has historical significance and showcases Mughal architectural elements.
Hiran Minar (Sheikhupura):
Commissioned by Emperor Jahangir, Hiran Minar is a unique structure featuring a large, elevated platform with a minaret in the center. It was constructed in memory of the emperor’s pet deer.
Tomb of Jahangir (Lahore):
The tomb of Emperor Jahangir, located in Shahdara, Lahore, is an impressive Mughal structure surrounded by beautiful gardens. It is known for its intricate marble inlay work.
Tomb of Asif Khan (Shahdara, Lahore):
Asif Khan was the brother of Empress Nur Jahan and his tomb is located near the Tomb of Jahangir. It is a fine example of Mughal tomb architecture.
Rohtas Fort (Jhelum):
Although not built by the Mughals, Rohtas Fort was constructed by the military general Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century. It is included here due to its historical significance and proximity to the Mughal era.