Leather Industry In Pakistan there are over 800 tanneries in Pakistan that are actively engaged in making the best quality finished leather from Cow, Buffalo, Sheep, and Goat skins. Pakistan is known as the center for producing high-grade leather and leather products. Pakistan’s economy depends heavily on the production of 13.0 million hides and 47.4 million skins annually from its abundant supply of agricultural products and a big population of animals (2015-16). In terms of grain, substance, and fiber density, the sheepskins we have in Pakistan are superior. With an estimated 220 million people, Pakistan is an Islamic republic and a democratic nation. Every year, all Muslims gather to commemorate Eid Qurban, during which they sacrifice at least one animal from that day, people observed the Prophet Ibrahim’s tradition and ate a cow, buffalo, goat, and sheep. On that day, every Muslim yearns to sacrifice the most attractive and healthy animal. Animal hide in enormous quantities is readily accessible for tanneries to purchase as a result of the widespread murder of animals as sacrifices. This method meets roughly 60% to 80% of the annual raw material requirements.
Only a few, extremely small-scale tanneries were making sole leather at the time of independence.
- During the early years after freedom, Karachi had a few tanneries.
- Some were started in Lahore and the surrounding areas in the 1950s.
- More units were installed in other regions of the country during the 1960s, including Multan, Sahiwal, and Kasur. More units were installed in different regions of the nation during the 1960s, including Multan, Sahiwal, Kasur, Gujranwala, and Sialkot. These apartments come fully furnished with the newest amenities. In the 1970s, more modern facilities were built, and Pakistan began producing finished leather.
- A phase of higher-quality production occurred during the 1980s.
- By contributing 10.41% of the nation’s total export revenue in 1990, the leather industry ascended to the position of second-largest earner of foreign exchange.
- While India, which shipped 43 percent more leather garments, saw a 27 percent gain in its leather exports during the same period, Pakistan’s leather exports experienced a 27 percent loss.
A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE LEATHER INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN
CATTLE BREEDS ORIGINATING IN PAKISTAN
Following are six main categories of cattle breed in Pakistan
- Cholistani (cattle)
- Dhanni (cattle)
- Lohani (cattle)
- Red Sindhi
- Sahiwal cattle
Only a few, extremely small-scale tanneries were making sole leather at the time of independence. Some tanneries were created in Karachi in the early years of independence, and others in Lahore and the surrounding areas in the 1950s. • More units were installed in different regions of the nation during the 1960s, including Multan, Sahiwal, Kasur, Gujranwala, and Sialkot. These apartments come fully furnished with the newest amenities. In the 1970s, more modern facilities were developed, and Pakistan began producing finished leather. • The 1980s were a time of higher-quality output. • By generating 10.41% of the nation’s overall foreign exchange earnings in 1990, the leather industry ascended to second place.• From July to November 2015–16, Pakistan’s exports of leather decreased by 27%, whereas India’s leather exports increased by 27% over the same period, despite the country exporting 43% more leather clothing.
With an estimated 220 million people, Pakistan is an Islamic republic and a democracy. Every year, Muslims celebrate Qurban Eid, during which they slaughter/sacrifice a minimum of one animal from the cow, buffalo, goat, or sheep. On that day, every Muslim has a profound desire to sacrifice the most attractive and healthy animal. Since enough animals are slaughtered on that day, tanneries are able to purchase all of the raw materials they require for the whole year at significantly reduced prices and in the simplest possible manner.
If the animal was chopped by amateur butchers, more than 90 or 95 percent of the overall count came from the knife/hand flayed and therefore obtained flay cuts. Secondly, there are so many hides and skins generated in just one or two days that it is nearly impossible to handle all of the skins with care. As a result, many skins suffered skin damage and lost their grain as a result of the sun and heat. Due to skin conditions, starvation, and crude slaughtering methods, hides, and skins are lost at the disorganized warehouses.
In Central Asia, Pakistan has emerged as a center for leather processing and commerce. Due to Pakistan’s lenient border policies with Afghanistan, neighboring nations including Iran, Afghanistan, and several former USSR states move or smuggle their hides and skins to Pakistan. Nowadays, there are roughly twice as many raw hides available as there are in Pakistan. The chance to purchase additional goods from Pakistan in large quantities or by importers is now quite good. Customers can purchase completed leather as well as leather goods such as shoes, bags, belts, saddles, gloves, clothing, sports equipment, etc. from renowned producers in Pakistan.
The unorganized sector makes up the majority of the leather market in Pakistan. The majority of leather and leather goods producers lack the knowledge necessary to travel the globe and look for the finest possible customers. Similar statistics apply to the rawhide industry, where many animals perished from seasonal illnesses as well as occasionally from flooding brought on by prolonged periods of rain. According to reports, the country’s devastating floods resulted in the deaths of 1.5 million animals.