Top 10 exports of Pakistan As of 2021, the top 10 exports of Pakistan are:
- Textile products (cotton, synthetic, and woven fabrics, clothing, and towels)
- Knit or crocheted clothing and accessories
- Leather and articles of leather
- Fish and crustaceans
- Bed, table, toilet, and kitchen linen
- Surgical instruments and appliances
- Fruits and nuts
- Sugar, sugar confectionery, and honey
- Organic chemicals
Please note that the ranking of top exports may change over time and depend on market conditions.
1. Textile products (cotton, synthetic, and woven fabrics, clothing, and towels)
Top 10 exports of Pakistan Other fiber-based materials, such as fibers, yarns, filaments, threads, and various fabric kinds, are together referred to as textiles. Initially, only woven cloths were considered textiles. To produce textile structures based on their intended function, numerous additional production techniques were eventually developed in addition to weaving. Other well-liked methods of fabric production include knitting and non-woven. Today’s world uses textiles to meet the material requirements for a variety of products, from everyday apparel to spacesuits, bulletproof coats, and scrubs. [Consumer [or domestic] textiles and technical textiles are the two categories into which textiles fall. Consumer textiles prioritize comfort and aesthetics above technical textiles, which prioritize useful qualities.   Technical textiles include things like geotextiles, industrial textiles, medical textiles, and many other things, whereas consumer textiles include things like clothing and furniture. The ultimate product is impacted by each element of a textile product, including fibre, yarn, fabric, processing, and finishing. Since they are chosen based on their suitability for the intended use, components may differ amongst different textile goods. [
One of the most often utilized types of fabrics worldwide is cotton. Since this cloth is chemically organic, no synthetic materials are present in it. The fibers that cover cotton plant seeds, which appear once the seeds have fully developed in a rounded, fluffy structure, are used to create cotton fabric. The Mehrgarh and Rakhigarhi sites in India, which date to around 5000 BC, include the oldest evidence of cotton fibers being used in textiles. Cotton farming allowed the people of the Indus Valley Civilization, which spanned the Indian Subcontinent from 3300 to 1300 BC, to thrive by giving them access to cheap sources of clothing and other textiles.
2. Knit or crocheted clothing and accessories
Top 10 exports of Pakistan the most recent trade information about knitted or crocheted garments and accessories. With $206 billion in global trade in 2020, knitted or crocheted garments and accessories ranked as the fifteenth most traded goods on the planet. The exports of knitted or crocheted garments and accessories fell by -12.6% between 2019 and 2020, from $236 billion to $206 billion. Knitted or crocheted garments and accessories account for 1.23% of all global trade. Knitted or crocheted garments and accessories are included in the category of textiles. They comprise Apparel
Worldwide, more than 100 nations rely heavily on rice as a staple food.  In some homes, rice is served with additional meals throughout the day. This starchy, high-calorie grain is typically inexpensive, accessible to everybody, and a crucial component of many diets. For example, risotto in Italy, paella in Spain, jambalaya in the southern United States, coconut rice in Colombia, steamed rice in China, rice and beans in Mexico, and sweet rice in Portugal are just a few examples of the rice specialties that each nation showcases to reflect regional spices and palate preferences. Oryza is what rice is known as scientifically. The most widespread species, Oryza sativa, has two subspecies: long-grain indica and short-grain japonica. In China, rice-farming implements that date back
4. Leather and articles of leather
Top 10 exports of Pakistan chemically treated animal skins and hides that have been preserved and made fit for use as apparel, purses, shoes, furniture, tools, and sporting goods. The skin of larger animals, such as cows or horses, is referred to as “hide,” but the skin of smaller animals is referred to as “skin” (e.g., calfskin or kidskin). The method of preservation used is a chemical process called tanning, which turns the normally perishable skin into a stable and nondecaying substance. Vegetable tannins (from sources like tree bark), mineral salts (like chromium sulfate), and fish or animal oils are all tanning agents. Although ostrich, lizard, eel, fish, and kangaroo skins have all been used, there are seven main types of animals that provide the majority of the leather used today. Cattle, including calves and oxen, sheep, lambs, goats, youngsters, zebras, horses, mules, buffalo, pigs, and hogs, as well as aquatic creatures like seals, walruses, whales, and alligators.
5. Fish and crustaceans
Fish and crustaceans are important export for Pakistan. The country has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, which provides ample opportunities for fishing and seafood production. Pakistan is known for its export of various types of fish and crustaceans such as prawns, shrimp, and cephalopods (like cuttlefish and squid). The seafood export industry in Pakistan is mainly based in Karachi and Sindh province, but also in Balochistan and Gwadar. The main markets for Pakistani fish and crustaceans exports are Japan, the EU, and Middle East countries.
6. Bed, table, toilet, and kitchen linen
Bed, table, toilet, and kitchen linen are an important export for Pakistan. The country has a well-established textile industry that produces a wide variety of linen products, including bed sheets, pillowcases, tablecloths, napkins, and kitchen towels. These products are made from various materials such as cotton, polyester, and blends of different fibers. The main centers of linen production in Pakistan are Lahore, Faisalabad and Karachi. The primary markets for these exports are the United States, the United Kingdom, and other European countries, as well as the Middle East and Africa. The country also exports to Canada and Australia.
7. Surgical instruments and appliances
A surgical instrument is a tool or equipment used during surgery or an operation to carry out specified activities or achieve desired results, such as changing biological tissue or allowing access for observing it.  Throughout history, a wide variety of surgical tools and instruments have been developed. While certain surgical tools are made specifically for certain specialties or procedures, others are made for broad usage in all types of surgeries. Surgery professionals can better comprehend the uses and purposes of surgical equipment by classifying them. Increasingly equipment are still being created in the modern period in order to execute more complex surgeries and optimize surgical outcomes.
8. Fruits and nuts
A nut is a type of fruit that has an edible kernel inside of a hard or tough nutshell. In common parlance and culinary contexts, a wide range of dry seeds are referred to as nuts, but in a botanical sense, the term “nut” implies that the seed’s shell does not open to release the seed (indehiscent). The majority of seeds are produced in fruits that detach themselves spontaneously from their shells, but this is not the case with nuts like hazelnuts, chestnuts, and acorns, which have tough shell walls and emerge from compound ovaries. Many nuts (in the culinary sense), including almonds, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, and Brazil nuts, are not considered nuts in the botanical sense, which is more in line with the term’s original and more inclusive usage.
9. Sugar, sugar confectionery, and honey
As the name implies, sugar confectionery is loaded with sugar—any kind of sugar. There are two varieties of sugar confections: fondant and boiled sweets (Figure 1). In contrast to fondant, which is described as “Minute sugar crystals in a saturated sugar syrup; used as the creamy filling in chocolates and biscuits and for decorating cakes,” boiled sweets are described as “Sugar and water boiled at such a high temperature (150-166 °C) that practically no water remains and a vitreous mass is formed on cooling.” This is made by fast cooling while stirring a sugar solution while it is boiling while adding glucose syrup or an inverting agent (Bender, 2009).
10. Organic chemicals
Chemicals are all types of chemical substances created through industrial or laboratory chemical processes. They could be either pure substances or chemical concoctions. Organic and inorganic chemicals are the two types of chemicals. Inorganic chemistry (sometimes known as inorganic matter) deals with the remaining elements of the periodic table and their compounds, while organic chemistry primarily deals with substances that contain carbon. An essential division of organic chemistry is petrochemistry. Jöns Jakob Berzelius, a Swedish scientist, first used the word “organic chemistry” in 1806; at the time, it only applied to substances that could be created by living things. Friedrich Wöhler, however, debunked the notion that organic molecules cannot be produced synthetically in 1828. Wöhler was successful in creating urea (producing urea from inorganic substances).